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hakkakutou@p
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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An octagonal pagoda of which there is only one in Japan. Although a plan to erect an octagonal pagoda existed at Saidaiji 厛 in Nara, it was never constructed. However, an octagonal pagoda of nine stories was built during the 11c under direction of the Fujiwara family at Houshouji @, in Kyoto, but it burned down in 1058. The only extant octagonal pagoda is that at Anrakuji y (1339) in Nagano prefecture. An octagonal enclosure with an undulating pent roof *mokoshi ֊K, surrounds the first story of the three-storied building. Hence from the exterior it looks like a four-storied structure. There are vertically latticed windows *renjimado Aq, in each of the eight sides on the second and third stories. Only the closely packed Zen style *zenshuuyou T@l bracket complexes *tsumegumi lg, with double, well extended tail rafters *odaruki with narrowed curve ends are visible above the pent roofs of the mokoshi. A narrow transom *ranma , filled with vertically set undulating ribs, unegumi g, extends from pillar to pillar between the neck-penetrating tie beams *hinuki , and the head-penetrating tie beams *kashiranuki . Wall plates *daiwa , are placed on top of the head-penetrating tie beams not only on the mokoshi but also on the upper stories. All the wall plates and head-penetrating tie beams have nosings *kibana ؕ@, decorated with a type of molding called *kurigata J`. The pillars of the mokoshi are typical of the Zen style. They have been rounded-off on the top and bottom *chimaki , and are set into cushion-like base stones. Double eaves *futanoki , with fan raftering *ougidaruki , (or rafters placed in a radiating fashion) are used for all four roofs which are covered with finely cut, layered shingles *kokerabuki `. The roof of the top story has a steep pitch compared to the roofs of other structures on the temple grounds. The spire *sourin is large and made of iron. The interior has eight posts surrounding the sanctuary *naijin w, which houses a Buddhist altar *butsudan d. There is a board floor and board ceiling which are octagonal in shape. The surrounding aisle, in this case called the outer worship area *gejin Ow, has an earthen floor *doma y, and an open beam ceiling *keshou yaneura ω.
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Anrakuji Hakkaku sanjuu-no-tou ypOd(Nagano)
Anrakuji Hakkaku sanjuu-no-tou
ypOd (Nagano)

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