daiwa 台輪
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
1 A wall plate or top plate placed along the top of head-penetrating tie beams *kashiranuki 頭貫 which are inserted into a pillar. It not only functions as a kind of tie, but also accepts the bracket complexes *tokyou 斗きょう. Although sometimes used in ancient buildings, as well as in later pagodas, it is a chief characteristic of Zen style *zenshuuyou 禅宗様 buildings. Example: Eihouji Kannondou 永保寺観音堂 (1315), Gifu preferture.

2 A circular plate placed on the top of a pillar in the *inari torii 稲荷鳥居 and *sannou torii 山王鳥居 styles. Daiwa also cover the tops of the copper covered pillars of a gateway *torii 鳥居 at Hikosan Jinja 英彦山神社 (1638), Fukuoka prefecture.

1  Yuutenji Amidadou 祐天寺阿弥陀堂 (Tokyo)
a) daiwa 台輪 b) *kashiranuki 頭貫 c) *hashira

a) daiwa 台輪 b) *kashiranuki 頭貫 c) *hashira 柱 d) *shinogi


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