|CATEGORY: architecture / general terms|
| A style of architecture imported from China during
the Sung dynasty. It includes the architectural elements that came
with the Zen sect, Zenshuu 禅宗, imported from China during the early Kamakura period. Zen was brought to Japan by the Japanese Buddhist priest Eisai 栄西
(1141-1215). The word kara 唐 meant Chinese, but kara also included
other foreign imports; for example, things imported from southeast Asia. A specific
example is sandalwood which is called *karaki 唐木. However, to express the architectural style that came into Japan with Zen
Buddhism, Dr. Oota Hirotarou 太田博太郎, well-known architectural historian, created the
term zenshuuyou, to replace karayou 唐様. This has been
widely accepted, especially in Japanese books on architecture published in English.
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