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soubou@m[
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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Also written mV. Buddhist priests', monks' or nuns' living quarters in the 7-8c. One of the seven buildings required in a temple complex in that era. The word soubou could refer to the entire building or to an individual room. The exact configurations of monks' quarters in the ancient period was unclear until the *Higashimuro and *Tsumamuro Ȏ at Houryuuji @, and the Gokurakubou ɊyV at Gangouji , both in Nara, underwent excavation, dismantling, and repair in 1945. The results of these undertakings revealed the dormitories, to be located on three sides of the grounds and known as the north, east and west dormitories kitamuro k, higashimuro , *nishimuro respectively. But not all temples followed this plan. At Toushoudaiji dormitories were only to the east and west of the *Koudou u. At kokubunji , the provincial temples that were established by an imperial edict in 741, living quarters were built north of the other temple halls. Kitamuro were common and limited to ten rooms. The number of monks were few compared to those attached to the large, thriving temples in Nara. The only extant soubou are the Higashimuro and the Tsumamuro at Houryuuji. The former is a large structure 6.7m across and 12.17m lengthwise. With the introduction of the new esoteric sects of Tendai V and Shingon ^ in the 9c, the priests' dormitories were remodeled to allow them in part to become Buddhist halls *butsuden a. A good example is Gangouji Gokurakubou, remodeled in the Kamakura period. Subsidiary temples *shi-in q@, became common and were built in the hills surrounding the new capital, Heiankyou . Thus, it became impractical to construct dormitories on a rigid plan. When, in the 12c, the Zen T sect was introduced, buildings that not only housed the monks but also included the refectory became common. These were called *soudou m.
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Houryuuji Sai-in Higashimuro @@ (Nara)

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REFERENCES:
*garan haichi zu, *taibou [, *shisoubou m[@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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