@
butsuden@a
CATEGORY:@architecture / buildings & structures
@
Also *daiyuuhouden Ya. The main hall of a Zen temple. Butsuden can be classified into three different types.

1@The simplest is 3 x 3 bays and does not have an additional aisle, *mokoshi ֊K. Examples include: Butsuden of Fusaiji ώ(1357) in Kyoto is 5.75 x 5.75 square., and Butsuden of Ten'onji V (1362) in Aichi prefecture is 6.25 x 6.99m.

2@A 3 x 3 bay hall with a mokoshi, which is an additional aisle one bay deep with pent roof and bracket arms *hijiki I, inserted directly into the shafts of the core *moya ꉮ, pillars. Examples include: Butsuden of Saionji ʼn (mid 14c) in Yamanashi prefecture, including the mokoshi, is 3 x 3 bays, 6.26 x 6.26m. The moya is 1 x 1 bay square. However, on the interior behind the altar there are two pillars *raigoubashira }, with a wall *raigoukabe }, stretched between them. Butsuden of Kouzanji R (1320) in Yamaguchi prefecture has a moya that is 3 x 3 bays with a mokoshi added, making it a 5 x 5 bay building as viewed from the exterior. Like the smaller Butsuden of Saionji, it has raigoubashira and raigoukabe.

3@Very large butsuden, 5 x 5 bays square with a mokoshi added are known to have been built during the 13c and 14c, but the only extant ones are the large 3 x 3 bay-type surrounded by a mokoshi. Examples include: Butsuden of Sennyuuji O(1669) in Kyoto, which is 17.73 x 15.95m including the mokoshi. The core area has pillars of large diameter all around and a platform with steps on both sides and at the front. Butsuden of Myoushinji S (1827) in Kyoto is 17.04 x 17.04m with a usual arrangement of a 3 x 3 bay core except that the pillar at the center rear has been omitted. The mokoshi is 5-bays around the core. Both buildings have raigoubashira and raigoukabe. Many buildings called *hondou { or named after the main image enshrined are also known as butsuden. Examples: Butsuden of Toukouji (1538) in Yamanashi prefecture; Hondou of Daitokuji 哿 (1665) in Kyoto; as well as Butsuden of Daitokuji.
@

Toukouji Butsuden a (Yamanashi)

@
REFERENCES:
@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
fڂ̃eLXgEʐ^ECXgȂǁASẴRec̖fE]ڂւ܂B
@