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Higashimuro@“ŒŽº
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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The east dormitory for Buddhist priests at Houryuuji –@—²Ž› in Nara. It is located in the west precinct Sai-in ¼‰@, and has nine, two-bay quarters built between 729-49. It was remodeled in 1121 and many of the old timbers were reused. By careful examination of these old timbers, the original building's age can be placed at ca mid-8c. The present building is 12~4 bays, 35.54m~10.33m, and the four-bay front facade is attached to the rear of the *Shouryouin ¹—ì‰@ (1284). The single story, gabled roof *kirizuma-zukuri ØÈ‘¢, is covered with tile roofing *hongawarabuki –{Š¢•˜, and has single eaves *hitonoki ˆêŒ¬, boat-shaped brackets *funahijiki M•I–Ø, and widely spaced rafters *mabaradaruki ‘a‚–Ø. In 1959-61 the building was dismantled, repaired and reconstructed as closely as possible to its original form. Each room is two-bays wide and parallels the ridge. The center of the two rooms form the core in the four-bay wide structure. Because there are solid walls between these compartments, the structure is called a 'closed style'. There are one-bay aisles *hisashi ›ù, on the east and west sides. The east aisle is divided into a single 1~‚Pbay room, called 'back chamber' koushitsu ŒãŽº, with doors to the north. The remaining bay to the south is a passageway, closed on one side by plank doors, and has vertical muntin windows *renjimado ˜AŽq‘‹. The west aisle is an open length of two bays with outer and inner entrances in the south bay. Originally, the floor was earthen. The distance between the two dormitories changed when the south part of the Higashimuro was converted into the Shouryouin. The Higashimuro is considered to have been the living quarters for high ranking priests while their attending monks occupied the *Tsumamuro ÈŽº. The Higashimuro had a low ceiling and a plank floor. The rooms must have been rather dark even with the doors open. Little light would come through the spaces between the vertical muntins. The main room was for sleeping and the small back chamber for reading and study.
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Houryuuji Higashimuro –@—²Ž›“ŒŽº (Nara)
Houryuuji Higashimuro –@—²Ž›“ŒŽº (Nara)

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REFERENCES:
*juubou Z–[
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NOTES
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