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KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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The earliest (6c-12c) Buddhist living quarters for priests' and monks. Arranged outside the sacred area containing the image hall, and pagoda. The dormitory was sometimes called the east quarters *higashimuro “ŒŽº, the west quarters *nishimuro ¼Žº, or the north quarters kitamuro –kŽº, depending upon their location in relation to the sacred buildings. When all three existed they were called *sanmen soubou ŽO–Ê‘m–[. A smaller type of dormitory was called *Tsumamuro ÈŽº. The only one extant is at Houryuuji Sai-in –@—²Ž›¼‰@. It was used by novices or other lowly monks who performed services for high ranking monks. The Nishimuro at Houryuuji is 19 x 5 bays deep in front and narrows to 4 bays at the back. It is single storied with a gable roof, *kirizuma yane ØÈ‰®ª, covered with cypress bark shingles *hiwadabuki •O”畘. All these early dormitories were partitioned into small living quarters for each monk.
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REFERENCES:
*soubou ‘m–[, *garan haichi ‰¾—•”z’u, *naidou “à“°
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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