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Shouryouin@@
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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A hall dedicated to the soul of Shoutoku Taishi (see *Shoutoku Taishizou q) at Houryuuji @, in Nara. This hall was part of the east dormitory *Higashimuro , until a typhoon destroyed it in 1110. When the dormitory was rebuilt in 1121, the south portion was transformed into the Shouryouin and a statue of Shoutoku Taishi was enshrined. The Shoryouin was reconstructed again in 1284. It is 5 bays wide and ~6 bays deep (11.44m~18.41m), and has a gabled roof *kirizuma-zukuri ؍ȑ, with the entrance on the gable end. The gable pediment has a simple central post supported by a diagonal brace on each side *inokosasu 泝L. The roofing is chiefly tile *hongawarabuki {, and there is a single bay ikken , step-canopy *kouhai q, and a 1-bay deep open area under the pent roof. Both the step canopy and the pent roof are roofed with cypress bark shingles. The hall is similar to the shinden style *shinden-zukuri Qa, aristocratic dwellings of the Heian period especially with the copious use of squares of latticed-backed doors *shitomido , that open horizontally instead of vertically. The plan in general is also similar, as is the use of translucent screens *shouji q. On the interior in the inner sanctuary *naijin w, is a miniature shrine *zushi ~q, that has an undulating bargeboared *karahafu j, with a Heian period type, open-work, frog-leg strut *kaerumata 富, in the center bay. This is the earliest known structure that has an undulating bargeboard.
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Houryuuji Shouryouin @@ (Nara)
Houryuuji Shouryouin @@ (Nara)

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