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karahafu@j
CATEGORY:@architecture / general terms
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An undulating bargeboard. The shape of a karahafu flows downward from the top center with convex-curves on each side. As the roof descends the curves change direction and form concave curves that level off at the ends or turn upward to varying degrees. The lower center edge, just about where the concave curves begin has a large board that is sometimes cusped *ibara . Occasionally a gable pendant *gegyo is hung at the center top and called by its special name *unokedooshi eђ. All the rafters curve to the same degree as the bargeboard. They are called ibaradaruki . The miniature shrine *zushi ~q in the *Shouryouin @ (ca 1278) at Houryuuji @, Nara, is believed to be the oldest extant example of karahafu. The karahafu appeared during the Heian period and is depicted on the picture scrolls of the period as being used for corridors, gates and palanquins. The term kara can be translated as meaning 'China' it may instead have connoted elegance and noble appearance. When the undulating gable is used at eave ends it is called nokikarahafu j. It appears above entrances to temple buildings, as gable ends on gates called *hirakaramon and when placed over a gateway entrance parallel to the ridge *munagi , it is called *mukaikaramon . Undulating gables are used on the front of a step-canopy *kouhai q.
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nokikarahafu jF
a) karahafu j@b) *unokedooshi eђʁ@c) *ibara
Iga Hachimanguu Zuijinmon ɉꔪ{g (aichi)
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Kenchouji Karamon (Kanagawa)

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REFERENCES:
*karamon , *chidori hafu 璹j
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NOTES
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