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gegyo@
KEY WORD :@architecture / decorations
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Also gegyo | (Ch; xianyu) ; formerly also pronounced kengyo. Gable pendant, lit. hanging fish.

1@Decorative wooden board used to cover the ridge and purlin ends on a roof gable. It is believed that gegyo were originally carved in the shape of fish as a charm against fire, and were introduced to Japan from China. Illustrations suggest that gegyo existed in Japan as early as the 7c, but their exposed position on the gable end made them vulnerable to wind and rain damage, so no examples survive. The earliest extant gegyo date back to the the Kamakura period, and can best be seen on miniature shrines *zushi ~q. Gegyo are often found on shrine, temple, or castle roofs, and occasionally on domestic architecture, for example the Imanishi house (1650) in Nara. They are usually secured with a wooden peg, or a hexagonal metal fitting called *rokuyou Zt. Decorative extensions on the sides of gegyo are called fins *hire h, and scroll-like decoration at the base is known as *warabite n. Gegyo are classified according to their position on the gable, or their shape. The *omogegyo { covers the ridge, and *kudarigegyo ~ or *ketakakushi B cover lower purlins right and left of the ridge. The *unokedooshi eђ (rabbit's-hair cover) is found on the ridge of an undulating bargeboard *karahafu j. Various decorative shapes of gegyo include the boar's eye *inome gegyo ڌ, turnip *kaburagegyo , shell-head *kaigata gegyo L`, trefoil *mitsubana gegyo OԌ, the straight-sided hexagonal *kirigegyo ،, and irregular hexagonal *umebachi gegyo ~. In the Edo period gable pendants known as choukoku gegyo were adorned with all kinds of high relief sculptures such as flowers, animals, birds and dragons. See also *karimata gegyo Ҍ, *yuiwata gegyo Ȍ.

2@A bargeboard pendant with a vertically set double design. It has a large motif of top and close duplication of the same design below it on a smaller scale. This type of pendant first appeared in the Edo period.
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a) *omogegyo {@b) *kudarigegyo ~@c) *hire h
Houryuuji Toudaimon @ (Nara)


nijuu gegyo d

choukoku gegyo






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