|KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms|
| 1@A miniature shrine
in which Buddhist images or rolls of sutras kyou o, are kept. Reliquary
miniature shrines vary in shape and size. Some are free-standing square, rectangular,
cylindrical or oval shaped. Others are shaped like a temple building and still
others are three-sided and attached to the inside wall of the building in which
it is kept. They have double-hinged doors each with a two-fold leaf or double
doors. If the shape of the reliquary for enshrining Buddhist relics *sharitou É, suggests a pagoda *tou or *houtou ó, the body
is usually circular and the roof is pyramidal *hougyou
yane ó`®ª. Most miniature shrines are constructed of wood, but some are
made of iron or gilt bronze. Miniature shrines were made in the 7-8c, but became
more widespread after the Esoteric Buddhist sects, Tendai Vä and Shingon ^¾, were
introduced from China in the 9c. Temple construction sponsored by these sects
steadily increased after that time. The zushi made in miniature temple
forms often provide important information about the architectural style of the
period. Example, *Tamamushi
no zushi Ê~q owned by Houryuuji @² (mid-7c) in Nara.
2@Zushi can also refer to the small Buddhist altars found in homes. They contain images, relics, portraits of deceased family members and their posthumous names written on vertical strips of lacquered wood rendered in gold.
3@Zushi or *zushidana ~qI, originally meant an enclosed shelved cabinet for storing clothing, household objects and personal belongings.
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