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zushi@~Žq
KEY WORD :@architecture / accessories
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1@A miniature shrine in which Buddhist images or rolls of sutras kyou Œo, are kept. Reliquary miniature shrines vary in shape and size. Some are free-standing square, rectangular, cylindrical or oval shaped. Others are shaped like a temple building and still others are three-sided and attached to the inside wall of the building in which it is kept. They have double-hinged doors each with a two-fold leaf or double doors. If the shape of the reliquary for enshrining Buddhist relics *sharitou ŽÉ—˜“ƒ, suggests a pagoda *tou “ƒ or *houtou •ó“ƒ, the body is usually circular and the roof is pyramidal *hougyou yane •óŒ`‰®ª. Most miniature shrines are constructed of wood, but some are made of iron or gilt bronze. Miniature shrines were made in the 7-8c, but became more widespread after the esoteric Buddhist sects, Tendai “V‘ä and Shingon ^Œ¾, were introduced from China in the 9c. Temple construction sponsored by these sects steadily increased after that time. The zushi made in miniature temple forms often provide important information about the architectural style of the period. Example: *Tamamushi no zushi, ‹Ê’Ž~Žq owned by Houryuuji –@—²Ž› (mid-7c), in Nara.

2@Zushi can also refer to the small Buddhist altars found in homes. They contain images, relics, portraits of deceased family members and their posthumous names written on vertical strips of lacquered wood rendered in gold.

3@Zushi or *zushidana ~Žq’I, originally meant an enclosed shelved cabinet for storing clothing, household objects and personal belongings.

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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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