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shitomido@ŽÁŒË
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms
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Also called hajitomi ”¼ŽÁ or *shitomi ŽÁ. Wooden shutters with crisscross lattice that is often attached on both the exterior and interior sides of the window. Each shutter section is divided horizontally so that the upper half is suspended by metal hinges attached to an overhead, non-pretrating lintel uchimori nageshi “à–@’·‰Ÿ. Generally, it opens out and swings up so that it can be held in place by metal fixtures called shitomizuri ŽÁ’Ý; also written ŽÁ’Þ. These metal fixtures are long rods bent into hooks on their outer ends. They are affixed to raised rafters *jidaruki ’n‚–Ø that extend out into the eave overhang *noki-no-de Œ¬‚̏o. The lower section has crisscross lattice on its front side and a timber panel backing. It fits between two pillars *hashira ’Œ, and usually rests on a kick board *kehanashi R•ú. It is secured to the pillars by knuckle hinges called tsubogane ’Ù‹à. If necessary, this section can be removed. Shitomido first appeared in the shinden style buildings *shinden-zukuri Q“a‘¢, the style of dwellings developed for the aristocracy during the Heian period. Examples also are found in the shoin style buildings *shoin-zukuri ‘‰@‘¢, and in various temple and shrine buildings. Originally these shutters were made in a single piece to fit the size of the bay *ken ŠÔ, into which they were placed. They were also suspended by metal fixtures from the overhead, non-penetrating lintel. Being both heavy and awkward to remove, they were divided to make them more manageable.
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hajitomi ”¼ŽÁFHouryuuji Shouryou-in –@—²Ž›¹—ì‰@ (Nara)
a) shitomizuri ŽÁ’Ý itsurikanagu ’Ý‹à‹ïj



Touji Daishidou “ŒŽ›‘åŽt“° (Kyoto)

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