|KEY WORD : architecture / gates|
called Aouma-no-jin 白馬の陣. The front gate located near the center of the outer
south earthen wall surrounding Kyoto Gosho 京都御所, where
it would have been in line with the Shishinden 紫宸殿 and the *Joumeimon
承明門. It is a 4-legged gate *shikyakumon
四脚門, with a gable roof *kirizuma
yane 切妻屋根, covered with cypress bark *hiwadabuki
桧皮葺. Base stones called karaishiki 唐居敷 are placed under the main round
pillars and ordinary base stones are set under the square secondary posts. Purlins
*keta 桁, are positioned over
the main pillars. A bracket complex *tokyou
斗きょう, and one openwork frog-leg strut *kaerumata
蟇股, are placed at the center of the purlin. Other bracket complexes are placed
on top of the central complex to support the ridge *munagi
棟木. Rainbow beams *kouryou
虹梁, with two open work frog leg struts are placed at the front of the secondary
posts and carry the eave purlin nokigeta
軒桁 (see *gagyou 丸桁). The ceiling is exposed *keshouyaneura
tenjou 化粧屋根裏天井. The main pillars and secondary posts are connected by
lintels and the upper parts between the beams are adorned with flower patterns.
The elegant, double-panelled doors are of the swinging type *sangarado
桟唐戸, and are dated 1855.
Kyoto Gosho Kenreimon 京都御所建礼門 (Kyoto)
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