Kenshunmon 建春門
KEY WORD : architecture / gates
Also called Hi-no-gomon 日の御門. One of the twelve gates originally enclosing Kyoto Gosho 京都御所. A four-legged gate *shikyakumon 四脚門, with a gable roof *kirizuma yane 切妻屋根. Large undulating bargeboards, mukaikarahafu 向唐破風, are placed at the front and back of the gate. One example is the mukai karahafumon 向唐破風門, but the only one extant in this style is at Kyoto Gosho (1855). Structurally it is a typical four-legged gate that has two circular main pillars and four square secondary ones. It is open on all sides. Rainbow beams *kouryou 虹梁, with two frog-leg struts *kaerumata 蟇股 on the front penetrating rainbow beams with frog-leg brackets on top to support the cusped rafters ibaradaruki 茨垂木 (see *ibara 茨), are used to give the gate a flavor of the wayou style *wayou 和様. Panelled doors *sangarado 桟唐戸, with flower patterned grilles are inserted in the transoms which are characteristic of the Zen style *zenshuuyou 禅宗様. The door is of plain wood with little carving. This gate is no longer used for passage. 
Kyoto Gosho Kenshunmon 京都御所建春門 (Kyoto)
Kyoto Gosho Kenshunmon 京都御所建春門 (Kyoto)

*Kenreimon 建礼門

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