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fumi-ishi@“¥Î
KEY WORD :@architecture / tea houses
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Lit. stepping stone. The stone placed directly under the crawl door entrance *nijiriguchi çWŒû, of a tea ceremony hut *chashitsu ’ƒŽº. One of the trump stones *yaku-ishi –ðÎ, because of its placement closest to the chashitsu, it is also called the first stone *hatsu-no-ishi ‰‚̐Î. It is considered best to arrange the fumi-ishi so that the guest kneeling on it will be close to the floor of the nijiriguchi, to facilitate easy entrance. Therefore, a somewhat large stone with a flat top is used, and it is placed about 18cm away from the chashitsu so that the top is about 36cm below the entrance sill. The height of the fumi-ishi depends on the height if the nijiriguchi. Next to the fumi-ishi are the falling stone *ochi-ishi —ŽÎ, and the mounting stone *nori-ishi æÎ. Occasionally, the term fumi-ishi refers to two of the trump stones located in the ornamental toilet *sunasetchin »á‰B. According to *CHADOU SENTEI ’ƒ“¹â£’û (1816), the stone at the entrance to the sunasetchin is called the under-the-door stone, toshita-no-ishi ŒË‰º‚̐Î, while the stones to either side are called fumi-ishi. They are divided into the front stone *mae-ishi ‘OÎ, and the foot rest stone, ashikake-ishi ‘«Š|Î.
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a) fumi-ishi “¥Î@b) *ochi-ishi —ŽÎ@c) *nori-ishi æÎ
Toudaiji Isui-en Seishuu'an “Œ‘厛ˆË…‰€´GˆÁ (Nara)

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REFERENCES:
*koshikake machiai ˜Š|‘ҍ‡, *dan ’i
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NOTES
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