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chashitsu@’ƒŽº
CATEGORY:@architecture / tea houses
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Room where the tea ceremony is performed or sometimes a whole building where such a room is the center. Styles can broadly be divided into the *shoin ‘‰@ style tearoom and the rustic *souan ‘ˆÁ style tearoom. The most common size is 4 1/2 mats *yojouhan Žlô”¼. A tearoom of more than 4 1/2 mats is called *hiroma LŠÔ and a smaller tearoom is called *koma ¬ŠÔ. The composite elements of the chashitu are a decorative alcove *tokonoma °‚ÌŠÔ, and separate entrances for the guest and for the host. Straw mats *tatami ô, cover the floor and these are distinguished as mats for guests *kyakudatami ‹qô, the mat used by the host *temaedatami “_‘Oô, and the mat for placing the utensils used during the ceremony *dougudatami “¹‹ïô. The host's mat is usually 3/4 of the standard size *daimedatami ‘ä–ڏô, but guests may have the use of one, two or three mats and each has a name according to its place and use. The correct position for the hearth *ro ˜F, is considered to be within the host's mat or between dougudatami and a guest's mat. The combination of the above elements have produced numerous chashitsu plans, each plan reflecting the taste of a tea master. The tea ceremony room also is called chaseki ’ƒÈ, *sukiya ”Šñ‰®, *kakoi ˆÍ, *kozashiki ¬À•~.
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