|KEY WORD : architecture / aristocratic dwellings|
| 1 A
large reception room developed in the Momoyama period, used by military
leaders, daimyou 大名 to receive large numbers of visitors. Typically
characterized by a set of formal features, collectively known as *zashikikazari
座敷飾 . These included a shallow decoreative alcove *oshi-ita
押板, staggered shelves *chigaidana
違い棚, a built-in table, tsukeshoin 付書院, and ornamental doorway *choudaigamae
2 A reception building in a traditional residence *shoin-zukuri 書院造. The most important building in late-medieval residence of the warrior class. It consisted of two or three rooms arranged in a line. These had deffering floor levels: the highest and most important room was called joudan-no-ma 上段の間 or *joudan 上段, the second in a three-room arrangement was called chuudan-no-ma 中段の間 or *chuudan 中段, and the lowest room was known as gedan-no-ma 下段の間 or *gedan 下段. These rooms had a wide veranda and faced onto a garden. The upper room contained the decorative features known as *zashikikazari 座敷飾.
3 Abbreviation of tsukeshoin 付書院.
hirashoin 平書院：Old Shimada 島田 house (Nagasaki)
tsukeshoin 付書院：Nagatomi 永富 house (Hyougo)
(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. No reproduction or republication without written permission.