Yashamon 夜叉門
KEY WORD : architecture / gates
An eight-legged gate *hakkyakumon 八脚門 ( 1653), located at Rinnouji Taiyuuin Reibyou, 輪王寺大猷院霊廟 in Nikkou 日光, Tochigi prefecture. The entrance is through the center bay. Both end bays, back and front, have a fence called *kongousaku 金鋼柵 made of vertically-set laths with the top of each lath carved to resemble an Esoteric Buddhist ritual implement. The pillars *hashira 柱 are round, fluted, gomagara jakuri 胡麻殻决, have entasis and are erected on base stones *soseki 礎石. Two-stepped bracket complexes *futatesaki tokyou 二手先斗きょう, are placed not only atop the pillars but in the interstices *nakazonae 中備. Closely-packed bracket complexes like these are called *tsumegumi 詰組 and are characteristic of the Zen style *zenshuuyou 禅宗様. Rainbow beams *kouryou 虹梁, and bottle struts *taiheizuka 大瓶束, are used in the gable pediments. The roof is gabled *kirizuma yane 切妻屋根, and covered with copper sheeting simulating tile. The ceiling is finely latticed and coffered *kogumi goutenjou 小組格天井. All the nosings *kibana 木鼻, and transoms *ranma 欄間, are beautifully carved. Metal ornamentation is widely used and the gate is lacquered.
Rinnouji Taiyuuin 輪王寺大猷院 (Tochigi)
Rinnouji Taiyuuin 輪王寺大猷院 (Tochigi)
Rinnouji Taiyuuin 輪王寺大猷院 (Tochigi)


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