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shourou@à˜O
CATEGORY:@architecture / buildings & structures
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Also called shuurou; kanetsukidou à“Ë“°; lit. bell hitting hall; tsuriganedou ’Þà“°. Belfry. A building in which a bell bonshou žà is hung. The early belfries in the Nara period were double-storied 3 x 2 bay structures and the bell was suspended in the upper story. The building was like those used as sutra repositories *kyouzou Œo‘  and similar to the ancient drum towers *korou ŒÛ˜O sometimes used for storing sutras at Buddhist temples. Usually two such buildings were positioned in front to the left and right of the lecture hall *koudou u“°. Example: Houryuuji Sai-in Shourou –@—²Ž›¼‰@à˜O (late 10c - early 11c), which was identical to a sutra repository constructed in the Nara period. Toward the late Heian period, a new style of belfry was built and called *hakamagoshi ŒÑ˜, 2-storied with an enclosed substructure curving out at the base to create a trapezoidal-like shape with a single narrow door on one side. The bell was suspended in the upper part which was, in some examples, quite open in contrast to the usual enclosed by windows filled with vertical lath *renjimado ˜AŽq‘‹, Example: Houryuuji Touin –@—²Ž›“Œ‰@ (Kamakura period), the oldest extant belfry in the hakamagoshi style. At the beginning of the 13c, a new type of belfry was constructed at Toudaiji “Œ‘厛 in Nara, under the direction of the Buddhist priest Yousai ‰h¼ (1141-1215). The building was completely open and the stout pillars, were reinforced by studs, were placed corner and all other structural members were visible. The huge bell was hung from the central transverse beam and the striking pole was within reach the ground floor at the single-storied building. This open type belfry, usually with four main pillars *hashira ’Œ stabilized by penetrating tie beams *nuki ŠÑ, became very popular. Many of the corner pillars were set with an inward incline *uchikorobi “à“]. Example: Rinnouji Jigendou Shourou —Ö‰¤Ž›ŽœŠá“°à˜O (1642), Tochigi prefecture. After the advent of the Heian period, the location of the shourou was not strictly prescribed. Roof types were generally gabled *kirizuma-zukuri ØÈ‘¢ or hip-and-gable *irimoya-zukuri “ü•ê‰®‘¢.
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Houryuuji Sai-in Shourou –@—²Ž›¼‰@à˜O (Nara)

Houryuuji Touin Shourou
–@—²Ž›“Œ‰@à˜O (Nara)

Engakuji Shourou
‰~ŠoŽ›à˜O (Kanagawa)

Kenchouji Shourou
Œš’·Ž›à˜O (Kanagawa)

bonshou žàFToukeiji Shourou
“ŒŒcŽ›à˜O (Kanagawa)

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REFERENCES:
*shouroumon à˜O–å, *rou-zukuri ˜O‘¢@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
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NOTES
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