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korou@ۘO
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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A small, two-storied structure *rou-zukuri O, in which a drum is suspended in the upper part. The main purpose of the drum was for indicating the time for the priests and monks living at Buddhist temples. Sometimes it also served as a sutra repository as is the case with the Korou at Toushoudaiji (1240) in Nara. This building has a raised plank floor with a simple railing surrounding the shallow veranda. The ground floor of the building is 3x2 bays (5.42 x 6.25m). The entrances are on the long side and take up the entire width of the center bays. The bracket complexes on the first story are 3-on-1 at right angles to each other *demitsudo oOl, and they support the upper story veranda, which is also surrounded by the same simple railing as the first story. The upper story has 1-stepped bracket complexes *degumi og. On both stories the interstices have struts capped with bearing blocks *kentozuka ԓl, which are centered to help bear the weight from above. The roof is hip-and-gable *irimoya-zukuri ꉮ, and tiled *hongawarabuki {. The windows are filled with vertical laths. The use of reinforcing rafters chikaradaruki ͐, is unusual. This type of korou was not entirely abandoned as is exemplified by the Korou (1668) at Manpukuji ݕ in Kyoto and by the combination belfry, *Shourou O and Korou at Soufukuji Shoukorou ۘO in Nagasaki prefecture. However drum towers began to be constructed as a single story building with the lower part resembling a flared skirt, a style called *hakamagoshi э, which had been used for belfries from the late Heian period.
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Manpukuji Korou ݕۘO (Kyoto)

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