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sansan-zu@O_}
KEY WORD :@ art history / paintings
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Ch: sansuantu. A painting subject of three san O, Northern Song Chinese sages tasting wine san _, from a vat. According to legend, one day the famous poet Su Dongpo (Jp:*So Touba h, 1039-1112) and his friend Huang Shangu (Jp:*Kou Sankoku RJ), went to a temple called Jinshansi (Jp:*Kinzanji R) to look for the monk Foyin (Jp: Futsuin ). Foyin, glad to see his friends, brought out a large jar of peach wine and each man eagerly tasted the brew. Simultaneously all three men raised their eyebrows and puckered their lips in surprise at the bitter taste. The three figures represent China's Three Creeds *Sankyou O: Su Dongpo standing for Confucianism, Huang Shangu for Taoism, and Foyin for Buddhism. The incident serves as a parable for the ecumenical doctrine that the Three Creeds are One Sankyou itchi Ov in that the astringent taste of the wine shocks each of the three different men into recognition of the same reality. In some cases the three figures are depicted as the founders of the three religions, Confucius (Jp:*Koushi Eq), Laozi (Jp: Roushi Vq) and Shakyamuni (Jp:*Shaka ߉), or alternately, as Tao Yuanming (Jp:*Tou Enmei ), Lu Xiujing (Jp:Riku Shusei C, 406-477) and Huiyuan (Jp: Eon d, 334-416), the same three men who appear in the Three Laushens at the Tiger Ravine (Jp:*Kokei sanshou ՌkO). As with the related subjects Three Creeds are One and Three Laughers at the Tiger Ravine, the Three Sages Tasting Vinegar was popular with Muromachi and Momoyama period painters. There are well-known examples by Yan Hui (Jp: Gan Ki P, late 13c-early 14c), Reisai (act. 1435-1460's) and Kaihou Yuushou CkF (1533-1615, Myoushinji S, Kyoto). In *ukiyo-e G versions *mitate-e G often show three famous beauties, Ono no Komachi 쏬 (see *nanakomachi ), Yangguifei (Jp:*Youkihi kM), and *Sotoorihime ߒʕP, in the role of the "Three Tasters."
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