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CATEGORY:@architecture / gates
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Gate. Also read kado. A suffix which refers to a gate, of which there are many types. Style: the structural style of gates may differ from wayou style *wayou ˜a—l, daibutsu style *daibutsuyou ‘啧—l, to Zen style *zenshuuyou ‘T@—l, or gates which have a mixture of styles. Location: gates may also be named according to their location, generally on the north, south, east, and west sides of temple or shrine compound. Gates may also be placed on the central axis of a temple compounds, or named for the hall or main image in the hall in front of which it was erected. Use: since images are also enshrined in some gates, the gate may take the name of the deity plus the word, mon. Examples: *nioumon “ñ‰¤–å; and Imperial messengers' gates *chokushimon ’ºŽg–å, found mainly at temples. The many gates around the Imperial capitals have names that indicated restricted use for the emperor, *miyukimon ŒäK–å, and for a gate for the use of princes and regents, onarimon Œä¬–å, was built at Zuiganji ŠÞŽ›, Miyagi prefecture (1604). Many other gates are named for their use: gates in front of mausolea *byoumon •_–å; gates used at aristocratic dwellings, *omotemon •\–å, gates at tea ceremony gardens *sudomon âŌ˖å; gates with religious symbolism attached *sangedatsumon ŽO‰ð’E–å; gates for dividing one part of a compound from another *shikirimon ŽdØ–å. Some gates are named for structural aspects such as the *kabukimon Š¥–Ø–å which uses a heavy horizontal beam *kabuki Š¥–Ø, placed between two posts. Another such gate is the *udegimon ˜r–Ø–å, so named because of a brace, *udegi ˜r–Ø, placed at each end above the horizontal beam, extending far enough beyond the main posts to carry the eave purlins *nokigeta Œ¬Œ…. Gates for folk dwellings and for samurai Ž˜ are called nagayamon ’·‰®–å.
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onarimon Œä¬–åFZuiganji ŠÞŽ› (Miyagi)
onarimon Œä¬–åFZuiganji ŠÞŽ› (Miyagi)
nagayamon ’·‰®–åFNagatomi ‰i•x house (Hyougo)
nagayamon ’·‰®–åFNagatomi ‰i•x house (Hyougo)

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REFERENCES:
*shinmon _–å, *toriimon ’¹‹–å, *torii ’¹‹, *heijuumon •»d–å. *shikyakumon Žl‹r–å, *munamon “–å, *hakkyakumon ”ª‹r–å, *chuumon ’†–å, *nijuumon “ñd–å@
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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