munamon 棟門
KEY WORD : architecture / gates
Also called munekado. A simple gate with two circular pillars, a gable roof *kirizuma yane 切妻屋根, and a mud-plastered wall attached to each side. The pillars are set on rectangular blocks of wood or stone, karaishiki 唐居式. Heavy short beams *mebari 女梁, also called *hijiki 肘木, are laid at right angles to the ridge and over them heavier, longer, beams *obari 男梁, also called *udegi 腕木. These beams are laid and notched so that they can be securely attached to the horizontal beams *kabuki 冠木, that reach from pillar to pillar. Board frog-leg struts, itakaerumata 板蟇股, are placed at each end on top of the obari and at the center of the kabuki. Bearing blocks *masu 斗, are centered on top of the frog-leg struts and the ridge *munagi 棟木, is set on them. The eave purlins *dashigeta 出桁, are joined using cogged joints somewhat in from the ends of the obari. The rafters are closely spaced *shigedaruki 繁垂木. Double eaves *futanoki 二軒, are comprised of exposed rafters *keshou daruki 化粧垂木, and flying rafters *hien daruki 飛檐垂木. The roof is frequently covered with cypress bark shingles *hiwadabuki 桧皮葺. The doors *tobira 扉, are made of vertical planks and are attached to the pillars with pivot hinges *jikuzuri 軸吊, on a vertical, rectangular strip of wood. These strips are called *houdate 方立. A kickboard *kehanashi 蹴放, extends across the bottom of the threshhold so that the doors can close against it.


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