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Konjikidou@F
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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Also called Hikaridou or Konjiki-in F@. Lit. Gold colored hall. A small Buddhist edifice at Chuusonji (1124) in Iwate prefecture. It is 3~3 (5.48m ) bays with a pyramidal roof *hougyou-zukuri `, covered with roofing made of wood in the shapes of conventional tiles *hongawarabuki {. The Konjikidou was built as a mausoleum kidou 擰, for Fujiwara Kiyohira t (1056-1128). However, his son, Motohira t (?-1157) and his grandson, Hidehira Gt (1122-1187) were also entombed there. Structurally, it is a simple hall. The interior has a 1~1 bay core *moya ꉮ, with a raised ceiling that is coved, coffered and finely latticed *oriage kogumi goutenjou ܏㏬giV. The moya is surrounded by 1-bay wide aisles *hisashi . Altars containing the remains of the three Fujiwaras are placed in the core toward the back in the left and right corners. Above them are a number of figures; *Amida sanson ɎO; Rokujizou Zn; and *Niten V. Double doors fill the three front bays and also the first bay on either side extending from the front corner pillars. All bracket complexes are of the 3-on-1, non-projecting type *hiramitsuto Ol, parallel to the wall plane. The interstices *nakazonae , between the bracket complexes have frog-leg struts typical of the latter Heian period, i.e., the delicate, open-work type following the shape of frog-leg struts but without embellishment placed in the open work. These struts are called honkaerumata {富 (see *kaerumata 富). The entire hall, inside and outside, is covered with black lacquer with gold leaf attached. The four pillars *shitenbashira lV, defining the moya, the altars and all structural members are elaborately decorated with gold dust *maki-e G, mother of pearl *raden , metal ornamentation, Buddhist images with decorative beading, and painted arabesque patterns housougemon 󑊉ؕ. The entire effect is brilliant. Because of the *Amida figures and the fact of its being a small hall for private use of the northern branch of the Fujiwaras devoted to the Pure Land, Joudo y sect, it is sometimes classified as an Amida hall *Amidadou ɓ. The elaborate ornamentation suggests the paradisiacal nether world gokuraku joudo Ɋyy. Beginning in 1288 the Konjikidou was protected by a 5~5 bay cover building called *Sayadou ⓰. The present Sayadou has a pyramidal roof covered with copper sheeting. Therefore the Konjikidou has been very well preserved. Only the veranda and podium have deteriorated.
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