sayadou 鞘堂
KEY WORD : architecture / buildings & structures
Also ooidou 覆堂, ooiya 覆屋 or toudou 套堂. Lit. sheath hall. A building constructed over a shrine or temple building to provide protection from the elements. One example is the 5 × 5 bay structure built during the Muromachi period over the *Konjikidou 金色堂 at Chuusonji 中尊寺 (1124) in Iwate prefecture. The structure is built on a stone foundation which raises the building to allow air to circulate beneath. The structure has 3-on-1 bracket complexes *mitesaki tokyou 三手先斗きょう, bearing block capped struts *kentozuka 間斗束, in the spaces between bracket complexes, and a copper-plated pyramidal roof *hougyou yane 宝形屋根. It has only front and rear entrances four steps high and has no windows. The original Sayadou was removed and a new modern metal structure was erected over the Konjikidou after its complete dismantling, repair and restoration during the late 1960s-1970s.


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