kidomon 木戸門
KEY WORD : architecture / gates
1 Also called *udegimon 腕木門. A gate that has transverse members *udegi 腕木, that go through or are inserted into the posts that extend far enough beyond the horizontal axis to carry the eave purlins *dashigeta 出桁. The simplest kidomon have only udegi, but larger more impressive types have brackets *hijiki 肘木, positioned beneath the udegi. Below the brackets is a heavy lintel *kabuki 冠木, that runs horizontally between the posts and forms the upper frame for the wooden gate doors. To secure the gate against severe weather or earthquakes, the pillars are strengthened by short secondary posts, set a short interval behind the main pillars. These posts *hikaebashira 控柱, are connected to the pillars by diagonal braces *hinuki 飛貫 and by lower horizontal ties, ashimoto hikaenuki 足元控貫. The doors are wooden or latticed and below them is the ground sill *jifuku 地覆. If bamboo is used on the door this is referred to as the *shiorido 枝折戸 style, shiorido-zukuri 枝折戸造.

2 A type of gate found in front of the finest vernacular houses *minka 民家, thought out Japan. It provided access from the main courtyard to the small walled garden, often called a senzai 前栽, in front of a formal reception room *zashiki 座敷 in the shoin style *shoin 書院. The typical form of a kidomon was a gate of two leaves suspended between two posts, oyabashira 親柱 which often had projecting brackets, udegi, to support a small roof.

*kido 木戸

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. No reproduction or republication without written permission.