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jifuku@’n•¢
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms
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1@A sleeper. The lowermost horizontal beam that spans the width of a bay *hashirama ’ŒŠÔ, from pillar to pillar in order to stabilize, strengthens and distributes the load from the pillars to the framework of a building. Jifuku are attached to the foundation stones *jifuku-ishi ’n•¢Î. They are placed directly on the ground in simple or temporary structures. See *dodai “y‘ä.

2@The lowest of the three horizontal rails composing a balustrade *kouran ‚—“, especially the decorative kind used on temple buildings or those surrounding a veranda.

3
@A sleeper is also placed at ground level between the pillar base boards or stones and is stationary. It serves as a doorstop against which the gates swing closed. This arrangement is called *karaishiki “‚‹•~. If the sleeper is removable to allow a vehicle to pass, it is called *kehanashi R•ú.
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