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hie-zukuri@“ú‹g‘˘
CATEGORY:@architecture / shrines
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Also called shoutei-zukuri or shoutai-zukuri š’鑢 or sannou-zukuri ŽR‰¤‘˘. An unique style of shrine building found only on the main sanctuaries at Hie Taisha “ú‹g‘ĺŽĐ (rebuilt late 16c), Shiga prefecture after having been burned down by Oda Nobunaga D“cM’ˇ (1534-82) in 1571. Hie-zukuri buildings are the east and west honguu *honden –{‹{–{“a and at the shrine's subsidiary, Sessha Usa Jinguu Honden ŰŽĐ‰F˛_‹{–{“a. Viewing these buildings from the front, they appear to have ordinary hip-and-gable roofs, with entrances in the center bays accessed from the step-canopies *kouhai Œü”q that are roofed by the extension of flying rafters *hien daruki ”ňž÷‚–Ř over the seven steps. The core *moya •ę‰Ž of the building is 3~2 bays. Each structure has one-bay wide aisles *hisashi ›ů surrounding the core on three sides making it a 5~3 structure. Each building a little over 11m ~6m, with a three-sided hisashi plan that is characteristic of hie-zukuri. Without a hisashi across the back, there could be no hip extended to continue a normal hip-and-gable roof. Seen from the side, the rear eave *noki ŒŹ looks as if it were shorn off midway and the left and right hisashi were constructed in an extended eave *sugaruhafu ăv”j•— style giving the rear roof a trapezoidal form. Other characteristic of the hie style is that the floors of the three buildings mentioned above are constructed unusually high above ground level allowing enough space for an enclosed room and a long plank-like bench underneath the floor. The proportion of pillars and non-penetrating tie beams *nageshi ’ˇ‰Ÿ are large, the incline of the roof is steep and the eaves are high above the veranda floor. These buildings at Hie Taisha (also called Sannou Gongen ŽR‰¤Œ Œť or Sannou nijuuissha ŽR‰¤“ń\ˆęŽĐ) resemble temple buildings in the hip-and-gable roofs, in having moya and hisashi, a coved, coffered, finely latticed ceiling *oriage kogumi goutenjou ÜăŹ‘gŠi“Vˆä over the place for the god , a board and batten ceiling *saobuchi tenjou ŠĆ‰“Vˆä around the rest of the moya, and an open ceiling *keshou yaneura ‰ťĎ‰ŽŞ—  in the hisashi. The floor of the moya is considerably higher than the mat covered tatamishiki ô•~ hisashi. Front hisashi have board-backed latticed doors *shitomido ŽÁŒË in all five front bay. The first bay on each side has plank doors *itakarado ”“‚ŒË. The location of this shrine is in the foothills of Mt. Hiei on the side facing Lake Biwa ”ú”i. Therefore, as the guardian shrine for the temple, Enrakuji ‰„— at the top of Mt. Hiei, the shrine has maintained a very close relationship with the Tendai “V‘ä sect temple. Slight differences between the east honden honguu and the west one are that the veranda behind the moya is particularly high and the main ridge is precisely centered in contrast to the west honguu honden which has a ridge slightly moved forward off center toward the front.
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