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itakarado@“
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms
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Also read itagarado; also called itatobira ”. A 6c-7c door made of a single, thick wooden plank without wooden clamps *hashibami [, or middle stripping on either side ryoumenbari ʒ. Itakarado opened and closed on perpendicular hinges suichoku-no-tsurijiku ̒ގ and usually the planks were made of cypress wood hinoki O. One example is the doors of the Houryuuji *Kondou @ (rebuilt 693) in Nara. The solid single plank doors were replaced by narrow, thick boards joined and strengthened by stripping placed across the inner side. In the Heian period, thick boards were placed on all four sides of a door and stripping was attached to both sides. A door was sometimes made of two or three vertical wooden boards fit so closely together that only on close inspection could the different pieces be seen. Wooden clamps were usually placed at the top and bottom to strengthen the door and retard warping or separation due to weathering. Many such doors have astragals jougibuchi K, a type of convex molding on the edges where two doors meet. Later, the plank doors were surrounded by a frame *heijiku with a convex cross section. The door opened on pivot hinges *jikuzuri that were often strengthened with decorative metalwork called *hassou kanagu o. Itakarado is associated with the wayou style *wayou al even though the name carries the character kara , meaning Chinese. During the Kamakura period, two new styles of architecture, *daibutsuyou 啧l and *zenshuuyou T@l, were introduced. Buildings that were constructed in the ancient wayou style (7c-12c), gradually absorbed some characteristics from the new styles. Furthermore, ancient Japanese temple architecture was introduced from the Asian continent and kara, eventually took on the meaning of something first class. Because an itakarado was superior in structure and appearance to the earlier rough plank doors, itado Œ, it is thought that the character kara was inserted to emphasize the new style and its impressiveness.
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Houryuuji Kondou @ (Nara)
Houryuuji Kondou @ (Nara)

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REFERENCES:
*sangarado V
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