@
gatou mon'you@l
KEY WORD :@architecture / roofing tiles
@
Patterns, motifs, designs applied to the circular antefixes *gatou on semi-cylindrical eave-end tiles *nokimarugawara ۊ and to the pendant bands added to broad, concave eave-end tiles *nokihiragawara . From the 7c-11c, the most popular motifs decorating the antefixes of semi-cylindrical eave-end tiles were variations of stylized lotus patterns *rengemon @ؕ. Patterns on the pendant bands of broad, concave eave-end tiles were mainly arabesques *karakusamon based on stylized vines, one example being honeysuckle *nindou karakusamon E~, which were generally symmetrically arranged around a central curvilinear motif. Occasionally the arabesque was a continuing pattern with no central motif *henkou karakusamon Gs. A grape pattern tile *budou karakusamon , dated late 7c, was unearthed at Okadera , in Nara. Although these motifs were continued into and beyond the 12c, generally their use declined. New motifs began to replace the old lotus and arabesque patterns. The comma pattern *tomoemon b was used most frequently on the pendant disks of semi-cylindrical tiles but less often on the pendant bands of the broad, concave, eave-end tiles. For an example of the comma pattern on the broad, concave eave-end tile (mid-10c) unearthed at Byoudouin @, Kyoto. Other popular motifs from the 11c were patterns of Budhist ritual implements *sankoshomon O؋n, stylized sword tips *kentoumon , tiles embellished with the temple's name, Sanskrit characters *bonjimon , and from the 16c on, particularly on castles and palaces, family crests. Family crests decorated both the semi-cylindrical and broad concave eave-end pendants and pendant bands *monjigawara . One example is the paulownia crest kirimon ˕ used on both types of tiles unearthed at the site of Fushimijou , in Kyoto.
@

*tomoemon b,
*karakusamon F
Zoujouji ㎛ (Tokyo)

urokomon ؕ,
*monjigawara F
Jouchiji q (Kanagawa)


*tanben rengemon P٘@ؕ,
*karakusamon F
Zoujyouji ㎛ (Tokyo)
aoimon ,
*karakusamon F
zoujouji ㎛ (Tokyo)

@
REFERENCES:
@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
fڂ̃eLXgEʐ^ECXgȂǁASẴRec̖fE]ڂւ܂B
@