@
karakusamon@
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
@
Lit. Chinese grass motif. Also called karakusa . Often used interchangeably with *karahanamon ԕ (Chinese floral motif). A foliage-scroll pattern seen on textiles and crafts including ceramics, metal work, and lacquerware as well as sculptural and architectural detailing. Although the term refers to floral and plant motifs introduced to Japan from China, most of the motifs originated in Central Asia, India, Persia, and Arabia. Some came from as far west as Greece and Egypt. The patterns are generally characterized by a flower-and-leaf motif linked by continuous, repetitive, scrolling vines or tendrils. Countless variations developed featuring a wide range of flowers and plants, including the lotus *rengemon @ؕ, peony *botan karakusa O, grape *budou karakusa and precious flower *housouge 󑊉 combined with wave-scroll patterns of palmette (of Greek origin) *nindoumon E~ or arabesques, the continuous vine patterns probably of Persian origin. In Japan, the patterns first appear on extant objects from the 8c, with many examples found among the treasures of the *Shousouin q@. The motifs were then further adapted to Japanese taste in the Heian period especially for dyed textiles *yuusoku mon'you LEl. The more exotic motifs often were replaced by flower and plants commonly found in Japan, such as the plum (prunus), wisteria, camelia, chrysanthemum, bamboo and vine sasatsuru mon'you l, pine, or paulownia kirikarakusa ˓. The motifs were used extensively on silk brocades, damask, and later were adapted for stencilled textiles. From the 17c on, karakusa designs were used to decorate a wide variety of clothing, and cotton futon zc, as well as furoshiki C~ fabrics. The designs varied from fine to small to medium-sized patterns. Other variations to note are: cloud-scroll motif unki karakusa _C a double clove motif kutsuwakarakusa D or a type of vine scroll pattern that almost forms a circular pattern wanashi karakusa ֖.
@

@
REFERENCES:
@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
fڂ̃eLXgEʐ^ECXgȂǁASẴRec̖fE]ڂւ܂B
@