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botan karakusa@O
KEY WORD :@1@architecture / roofing tiles, 2@art history / paintings
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1@Abbreviation of botan karakusagawara O. A roof tile, often an eaves-end tile, whose pendant edge is decorated with a peony scroll pattern botan karakusamon O. See *karakusagawara .

2@A Chinese floral pattern *karakusamon , featuring peony blossoms, botan O. It appears on Chinese Tang dynasty stone sculpture and crafts, as well as Song dynasty ceramics, lacquerware, and textiles, and the peony pattern was widely used because it was a popular symbol of prosperity before its introduction to Japan. In Japan, the motif quickly spread in popularity during the Heian and Kamakura periods. It can be seen, for example, on decorative papers such as the 12c waka a Anthology of 36 Immortal Poets SANJUUROKUNINSHUU O\ZlW at Nishihonganji {莛 in Kyoto and on ceremonial robes, such as the one included in the treasures of the Grand Shrine at Kumano Hayatama Taisha F쑬ʑ in Wakayama prefecture. Many variations of the motif were developed and named accordingly. For example, the kanibotanmon IO (crab-shaped peony pattern) refers to a design of large peony blossoms and leaves which resemble a crab's claws stretched forward. Other variations include large-blossomed peonies, daibotan 割O, medium-sized peony blossoms, chuubotan O, and small peony blossoms, kobotan O, as well as single vine, hitoezuru d and double vines, futaezuru d.
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