KEY WORD :@architecture / roofing tiles
The section of a pendant *gatou , outside the lotus flower motif, on a semi-circular eave end tile *nokimarugawara ۊ. The gaiku can be divided into the gaiku naien O, the inner band customarily decorated with a bead pattern *shumon 앶, and the gaiku gaien OO, the outer band with a saw tooth pattern *kyoshimon or a zigzag pattern *inazumamon ȕ that decorates the rim. The rim *shuuen is either raised with a flat surface, or slopes inward toward the border line separating it from the bead pattern band shumontai 앶. The gaiku is not always divided into two separate bands. If not divided, the entire area outside the boundary of the flower pattern is usually called gaien. Note however, that some scholars prefer to call only the band with the bead pattern gaien and the rim or periphery, with or without decorative motifs shuuen. After the end of the Heian period, the outer rim around the pendant tile, nokimarugawara, was usually flat and undecorated. When the pendant is a broad concave eave end tile *nokihiragawara , the upper band is called joutai and the lower band is designated *shimotai . The nokihiragawara also has side or end bands, called *sokutai , which generally have the same pattern as the upper and lower ones.


*kinsei karakusamon ϐ

a) *shuuen @b) joutai
c) chuushin kazari S@d) *shimotai
e) gaiku O@f) *naiku

*henkou karakusamon ΍s

a) *shuuen @b) joutai с@c) *karakusamon
d) *shimotai с@e) gaiku O@f) *naiku

nokimarugawara ۊ

a) *shuuen @b) shumontai
c) kanben ԕف@d *renji Aq
e) *chuubou [@f) *renben A
g) gaiku O@h) *naiku


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