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shumon@
KEY WORD :@architecture / roofing tiles
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A raised bead, nipple or seed motif that became a common part of the decoration on the pendant tiles *gatou attached to semi-circular convex eave-end tiles *nokihiragawara and to broad concave eave-end tiles *nokimarugawara ۊ. Because of direct relations with the Tang dynasty during the latter half of the 7c, more elaborate patterns were introduced from China for both types of pendant tiles. The bead pattern became an integral form that encircled the lotus petal *renben @ motif of the circular pendant tile and frequently filled the uppermost border on the broad concave pendant tile. The size of the beads and their spacing varied. The bead pattern continued to be used even after the lotus motif had been replaced by other motifs, such as the comma patterns *tomoemon b, sword tip pattern *kentoumon and patterns that featured the temple's name, mei nokimarugawara ۊ. When the beads are consecutively placed in a row, the terms shumontai 앶, *renjumon A앶 are used. If the beads in a row are lozenge shaped, they are called renbishimon AH, exemplified by a nokihiragawara excavated from the ruins of the site of Daikandaiji 劯厛 in Nara.
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Gangouji Gokurakubou Zenshitsu ɊyVT (Nara)
Gangouji Gokurakubou Zenshitsu ɊyVT (Nara)

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