zenshuuyou tokyou 禅宗様斗きょう
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
Also called karayou tokyou 唐様斗きょう. A Zen style bracket complex. The bracket arms *hijiki 肘木, are extended so that they can support as many as five bearing blocks *masu 斗. Many bracket arms end with a decorative nosing *kibana 木鼻. This type of bracket complex is added to the interstices between interstices placed above pillars *hashira 柱. They are called intercolumnar bracket complexes *tsumegumi 詰組. The tail rafters *odaruki 尾垂木, are doubled and extend outward through two steps of each 3-stepped bracket complex *mitesaki tokyou 三手先斗きょう, resulting in a tightly packed, dynamic array of structural members.
The style of these bracket complexes was introduced with the Zen 禅 sect of Buddhism from China, therefore, kara 唐 meaning China and you 様 meaning style became a popular appellation. However, to distinguish this style from others imported from China, the term *zenshuuyou 禅宗様 has superseded karayou 唐様 in recent decades. Example: Shoufukuji Jizoudou 正福寺地蔵堂 (1408) in Tokyo.
Shoufukuji Jizoudou 正福寺地蔵堂 (Tokyo)
Shoufukuji Jizoudou 正福寺地蔵堂 (Tokyo)


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