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yasaka-zukuri@”ªâ‘¢
KEY WORD :@architecture / shrines
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Also *gion-zukuri ‹_‰€‘¢. A style of shrine architecture which began in the 10c-11c and included both the sanctuary and worship space that closely resembles the main hall *hondou –{“°, of a Buddhist temple. Its complicated arrangement is referred to as the four-sided *hisashi ›ù, plan because the 5 X 2 bay core *moya •ê‰®, is surrounded by a one bay deep aisle *hisashi ›ù. Extending along the hisashi on all four sides is the addition of another one bay deep aisle *magobisashi ‘·›ù. Beyond the ishi-no-ma Î‚ÌŠÔ, a stone floored area is between the step canopy *kouhai Œü”q, 5-bays wide across the front and the *haiden ”q“a, a hall for worship. Some scholars believe that this style reflects the strong influence that esoteric Buddhism exerted on shrine architecture during the time when Shinto was absorbing many tenets from the Tendai “V‘ä and Shingon ^Œ¾ sects. One of the influences is the efficacy of prayers chanted while circumambulating the core of the building which in Buddhist halls contained the altar and sacred mandalas and/or images *jougyoudou ís“°.
Circumambulation was once a part of religious rites at Kibitsu Jinja ‹g”õ’Ð_ŽÐ in Okayama prefecture. However, other scholars suggest that in very ancient times, areas with a central focal point, such as a sacred pillar, were enclosed on four sides and utilized a ceremonial dance that entailed circumambulation. Examples: Kitano Tenmanguu –k–ì“V–ž‹{, Yasaka Jinja Honden ”ªâ_ŽÐ–{“a, both in Kyoto; Munakata Jinja Honden @‘œ_ŽÐ–{“a in Fukuoka prefecture and Kumano-nimasu Jinja Honden ŒF–썿_ŽÐ–{“a in Wakayama prefecture.
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