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haiden@”q“a
CATEGORY:@architecture / shrines
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A worship hall at a Shinto shrine, usually placed on the same axis as the offering hall *heiden •¼“a and the main sanctuary *honden –{“a. Scholarly opinion varies as to the origin of the hall. The most likely possibilities are : 1) The haiden was derived from either the *raidou —ç“° (worship hall in Buddhist temples) and was first called *raiden —ç“a at shrines ; 2) the hall was derived from the *maidono •‘“a, a stage used to perform ritual dance and music ; 3) the hall was devived from the ancient Buddhist practice of reciting sutras from the middle gate *chuumon ’†–å or from the attached semi-enclosed corridors *kairou ‰ñ˜L. Some shrines built in mountainous areas have only a haiden because deities are thought to live in the surrounding mountains. Examples: Oomiwa Jinja ‘å__ŽÐ in Nara, Kanasana Jinja ‹àès_ŽÐ in Saitama prefecture.
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a) haiden ”q“a @b) *honden –{“a
Miho Jinja ”ü•Û_ŽÐ (Shimane)

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REFERENCES:
*warihaiden Š„”q“a, *yokohaiden ‰¡”q“a, *tatehaiden c”q“a, *seihoukei haiden ³•ûŒ`”q“a.
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NOTES
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