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taisha-zukuri@‘åŽÐ‘¢
CATEGORY:@architecture / shrines
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Also called ooyashiro-zukuri. The oldest style of shrine architecture. Its small scale is thought to resemble that of ancient dwellings. Because the floor is raised, takayuka-zukuri ‚°‘¢, the style is believed to have been derived from the raised floor grain storehouses of the type reconstructed at the Toro site, Toro Iseki “o˜CˆâÕ, in Shizuoka prefecture. This architectural style is used for the main sanctuary *honden –{“a, particularly in shrines in Shimane and Tottori prefectures which border the Japan Sea.
The honden is 2 ~ 2 bays (11.64m ~ 11.64m) with an entrance placed in the east bay of the south gable end *tsumairi È“ü, and has double wooden doors. The west bay has a door with bottom and top parts that are removable *shitomido ŽÁŒË, but all other bays are enclosed by a vertically set boards. A roofed flight of stairs lead directly to the east bay entrance. A high-railed, shallow veranda surrounded the building and was about one meter deeper across the front than on the other three sides. Pillars supported by foundation stones *soseki ‘bÎ, are located at each corner, the center of each side and in the very center of the structure. The central pillar, called daibashira ‘å’Œ, *daikokubashira ‘单’Œ or *shin-no-mibashira S‚̌䒌, is the largest in diameter, 10.9cm, and does not extend beyond the transverse beam which rests upon it. Structurally, the transverse beam is well supported without the central pillar and is thus believed to be a sacred pillar with deep religious significance. The pillars centered on the gable ends *uzubashira ’¿’Œ are 85cm in diameter and have the same function as the munamochi pillars *munamochibashira “Ž’Œ, which rise above the transverse beams to support the ridge. All others are still smaller 75cm and support the transverse beams.
The interior at Izumo Taisha o‰_‘åŽÐ, in Shimane prefecture, contains 60 *tatami ô mats. The square interior is divided into four equal quarters, each containing 15 mats, and thus looks like the character for a rice field, ta “c. This suggests the architectural style has a very ancient connection with an agrarian society dependent on ovations to the gods for a plentiful harvest. A partition *majikiri ŠÔŽdØ, placed between the middle pillar on the outside wall and the large central pillar, separates the front quarter from the rear quarter (on the right side at Izumo Taisha and on the left side at Kamosu Jinja _°_ŽÐ). The god's seat occupies the rear section and faces the opposite side wall, not the entrance end. The partition wall does not reach the smooth-board ceiling *kagamitenjou ‹¾“Vˆä, which is decorated with colorful stylized cloud patterns. The gable roof *kirizuma yane ØÈ‰®ª, is covered with cypress bark, hiwada •O”ç and curved *hiwadabuki •O”畘. It also has drooping verges *minokou –¥b. It is probable that before it was influenced by continental styles, the roof line was straight and may have been thatch. The bargeboards *hafu ”j•—, are severely curved and have pendants, *gegyo Œœ‹›, of late vintage which hide the ridge ends. Forked finials okichigi ’uç–Ø (see *chigi ç–Ø), set on top of the box-ridge *hakomune ” “, are placed well in from the ends. Three billets *katsuogi Œ˜‹›–Ø, also adorn the center of the box-ridge and at each end just inside the forked finials. Today the forked finials and billets appear more as ornamentation than as symbolic connotations, but do identify the structure as Shinto. Examples: Izumo Taisha, Kamosu Jinja, Kumano Jinja ŒF–ì_ŽÐ all in Shimane prefecture.
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Izumo Taisha o‰_‘åŽÐ (Shimane)

Kamosu Jinja _°_ŽÐ (Shimane)

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