|KEY WORD : architecture / roofing tiles|
|Also called honsumigawara 本隅瓦; sumi tomoegawara 隅巴瓦. A half-round, corner, eave-end, pendant tile; also called a half-round, corner, eave-end, hip tile. A type of tile used at the corner eave-ends of a hipped roof *yosemune yane 寄棟屋根 or hip-and-gable roof *irimoya yane 入母屋根. The half-round pendant tile nokisaki marugawara 軒先丸瓦 also called sumidomoe is placed at the front end of the corner. This name is derived from the wide use of the comma pattern *tomoemon 巴文 that decorated the pendant *gatou 瓦当 from the end of the 12c onward. Until the end of the 10c, there was no hidden roof structure noyane kouzou 野屋根構造, so that it was easy to employ ordinary *nokimarugawara 軒丸瓦 at the corner eave-ends. After the hidden roof came into use, the corner curved sharply upward necessitating a special corner eave-end tile. However, due to the variation in the degree of curvature, the curvature on the upper part of the barrel *dou 胴 and the underside of the tile also varied.|
|*sumigawara 隅瓦, *sumi karakusagawara 隅唐草瓦, *toribusuma 鳥衾, *onigawara 鬼瓦|
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