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Jouchouyou @蒩l
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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A style of sculpture created by the Buddhist sculptor *busshi t Jouchou 蒩 (?-1057), and imitated by later artists. The style is typified by Jouchou's Amida Nyoraizou ɔ@ (wood and gold-leaf, 1053) in Byoudouin *Hououdou @P, Kyoto. The figure is seated cross-legged with the knees wide and low. The chest is flat and broad, and the drapery folds *emon ߕ are carved in low parallel ridges. The round face has serene expression known as enman gusoku ~, meaning fully-rounded and perfect, lacking in nothing and was thought to represent a state of complete enlightenment, and to express the true form of Buddha Hotoke-no-Hon'you ̖{l. Admired for its simplicity and gentle quality. Jouchou's work was regarded as the perfect representation of Japanese style *wayou al, as distinct from Chinese style images. Technically, Jouchou is also credited with having developed the jointed-block method *yoseki-zukuri ؑ to its full potential. His works set standard criteria of style and proportion which later artists used as a model, particularly for seated Amida Nyoraizou ɔ@. Jouchouyou is best seen in the work of Kyoto sculptors *kyoto busshi st, and his influence also spread to workshops *bussho throughout the country from the 11-12c onward. Good examples in Kyoto are seated Amida Nyoraizou in Houkaiji @E (late 11c), Houkongouin @@ (1130), and Sanzen-in O@ (1148), and examples outside Kyoto include the Amida Nyoraizou (1142) in Kontaiji \, Shiga prefecture, and the Amida Sanzonzou ɎO (1172) in Daisenji R, Tottori prefecture.
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REFERENCES:
*Enpa ~h, *Inpa @h@
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