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daikoudou@u
CATEGORY:@architecture / buildings & structures
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Lit. large lecture hall. The lecture hall at Houryuuji @, in Nara is the most famous and oldest extant daikoudou. The original hall was destroyed by fire in 925 and reconstruction was completed by 990. It was rebuilt on the same site with the same dimensions, but was only 8-bays in length until the medieval period, when aisles *hisashi , were added to the west side making it 9~4 bays (33.78~13.52m). The original plan of the 10c rebuilding increased the width of the aisles surrounding the core *moya ꉮ, thereby reducing the size of the moya. The earliest known use of a hidden roof *noyane 쉮, first placed only over the hisashi, was discovered during dismantling repairs in the 1930s. The incline of the base rafters *jidaruki n, became less steep, thus permitting more light and air beneath the eaves while the pitch of the hidden rafters *nodaruki 쐂, over the hisashi were made with a stronger incline to allow a fast run-off of rain. The Daikoudou at Houryuuji is behind the main hall *Kondou and five-storied pagoda *Gojuu-no-tou ܏d. The roofed, semi-enclosed corridor *Kairou L, turns inward at the rear on each side. The sutra repository *Kyouzou o, and the belfry *Shourou O, are contained within the continuing corridor which makes a 90 turn and is extended so that it reaches each side of the daikoudou Originally the corridor continued straight across the rear where it now turns inward. The daikoudou, kyouzou and shourou were all outside, and north of the main enclosure. Another example is the Enkyouji ~ Daikoudou (1440), in Hyougo prefecture. It has a very different style from the Houryuuji Daikoudou or any typical lecture hall *Koudou u. It is 2-storied, and is 7~6 bays (19.92~16.73m). The bracket complexes used in both stories are 2-stepped *futatesakigumi g, and the interstices between them have struts with bearing blocks *kentozuka ԓl. The eaves are doubled on each story and the rafters are closely spaced *shigedaruki ɐ. The tiled roof is of the hip-and-gable type *irimoya-zukuri ꉮ. The interior is like those used by Esoteric Budhism mikkyou , with a 2-bay deep space for worshippers *raidou 瓰, and a 4-bay deep space closed off by sliding doors. The core, is 5~2 bays but the actual sanctuary *naijin w, is 3 ~2 bays with 1/4-size tiles spread over an earthen floor. The remaining area is covered with plank flooring. There is also a distinctive bracken wall behind the altar *shumidan {d.
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Houryuuji Daikoudou @u (Nara)
Houryuuji Daikoudou @u (Nara)

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