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yokoza@‰¡À
CATEGORY:@architecture / aristocratic dwellings & folk dwellings
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1@The seat of the principal and most honored guest sonsha ‘¸ŽÒ at formal banquets in the shinden Q“a style residences of the Heian period aristocracy (see *shinden-zukuri Q“a‘¢). The yokoza was located in the main hall *moya •ê‰® of the shinden, in front of the entrance to the enclosed sleeping room nurigome “h˜U and faced the body of the hall.

2@In traditional vernacular houses *minka –¯‰Æ of the Edo period, one of the seats around the open hearth *irori ˆÍ˜F—  set into the floor of the main everyday living room *oue Œäã, *ima ‹ŠÔ, *hiroma LŠÔ. It was occupied by the master of the house and was generally situated on the upper side *kamite ãŽè of the irori, and faced out over the earthfloored area *doma “yŠÔ at the lower end *shimote ‰ºŽè of the house. Traditionally the master did not give up this seat to others, even guests. Guests of high status were not received in the room containing the yokoza. The term is believed to have been in use in minka since the Muromachi period. Although yokoza was the most commonly used term, there were many regional variants, including kamiza ãÀ , okuza ‰œÀ, teishuza ’àŽåÀ, dannaza ’U“ߍÀ, oyazashiki eÀ•~, yokozashiki ‰¡À•~.

3@Comparatively rarely, yokoza was used in Edo period minka to refer not to the master's seat itself but to one or both of the two flanking seats (most commonly referred to respectively as the guest's seat *kyakuza ‹qÀ, or the wife's seat *nyoubouza —–[À. This yokoza was located on either side of the irori at 90 degrees to the master's seat.

4@In Edo period minka in parts of Nagano and Ibaraki prefectures, an alternative term for the kitchin *daidokoro ‘䏊. The room is toward the rear of the house and is provided with an irori.

5@In Edo period minka in parts of Niigata, Tochigi, Yamaguchi, Ehime and Nagasaki prefectures, a term for an everyday living room, equipped with an irori.
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