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yane kouzou@‰®ª\‘¢
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms
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The construction of the roof framework or roof truss over the body of a building. The essential framing for a gable roof *kirizuma yane ØÈ‰®ª, is composed of purlins *keta Œ…, and transverse beams *hari —À. In traditional architecture purlins run the length of a building and transverse beams run crosswise and diminish in length as the framework is built up on struts *tsuka ‘©, toward the peak. The ridge *munagi “–Ø, is positioned along the peak and rafters *taruki ‚–Ø are placed from the ridge to the eave ends *nokisaki Œ¬æ. Sheathing *noji-ita –ì’n”Â, is attached to the rafters and then roofing is laid. If the roof is hipped *yosemune yane Šñ“‰®ª, corner or descending ridges *sumikudarimune ‹÷~“, are necessary. If the roof is hip-and-gable *irimoya yane “ü•ê‰®‰®ª, the upper part is constructed like a gable roof while the lower part is constructed like a cut-off hipped roof. Corner ridges are necessary and rafters have two lengths, from ridge to end of the gable part, and others that vary in size with the changing pitch of the roof. Bargeboards *hafu ”j•—, cover the rafter ends in the gable part.
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a) *munagi “–؁@b) *moya •ê‰®@c) *taruki ‚–؁@d) ketayuki sujikai Œ…s‹Øˆá
e) koyasujikai ¬‰®‹Øˆá@f) koyazuka ¬‰®‘©@g) *tsumabari È—À@h) *hiuchibari ‰Î‘Å—À
i) *koyabari ¬‰®—À@j) *gagyou ŠÛŒ…inokigeta Œ¬Œ…j

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REFERENCES:
*keshou yaneura ‰»Ï‰®ª— , *noyane –쉮ª, *koyagumi ¬‰®‘g.
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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