shouhekiga 障壁画
KEY WORD : art history / paintings
Lit. paintings on screens "shou 障" and walls "heki 壁". Partition or interior wall painting, although the term does not have a universally agreed-upon definition. In general usage the term includes paintings (usually on paper) on various kinds of partitions in the interiors of Japanese architectural structures; namely, paintings on sliding panels *fusuma-e 襖絵 and free-standing screens *tsuitate shouji 衝立障子 (see *shouji-e 障子絵) as well as paintings pasted on numerous other smaller door and wall surfaces *haritsuke-e 貼付絵. Painting on cedar-board doors *sugido-e 杉戸絵 and on ceilings *tenjouga 天井画 are also often included in this definition. Some art historians use the term *shouheiga 障屏画 rather than shouhekiga, when including folding screen paintings *byoubu-e 屏風絵, while many others make no distinction between the two terms and use them interchangeably. Wall paintings *hekiga 壁画, especially those created directly on plaster (as in a type of early fresco), are rarely seen in Japanese-style architecture and are usually distinguished from shouhekiga. However, paintings on wooden panels *ita-e 板絵 which are used as walls or doors are often included. In addition, the word hekiga is probably best considered the larger generic term (that encompasses all the types of wall painting known in Western tradition) and thus includes shouhekiga as well.

*kinpeki shouhekiga 金碧障壁画 

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