|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
| Lit. paintings on wooden boards. A painting on a
wall or door of a temple or shrine. Examples include the paintings on the doors
of Byoudouin *Hououdou 平等院鳳凰堂 (1053), and the wall-painting
in Ujigami Jinja Honden 宇治上神社本殿 (late 11c-early 12c). In
these early examples, a base coat of kaolin *hakudo
白土 was applied first, over which the paintings were created. Although the term
ita-e customarily indicates early examples found in temples and shrines,
later paintings on wooden boards, such as votive tablets *ema
絵馬 and/or cedar-board-door paintings *sugido-e
杉戸絵, should also be included. In these later examples, paintings were often depicted
directly on wooden boards without the kaolin base.
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