hakudo 白土
KEY WORD : art history / paintings
Kaolin. Also todo とど. A fine soft white clay produced by the decomposition of other clays feldspar. Hakudo is used as a pigmen *ganryou 顔料 and to paint the cut ends, koguchi こぐち, of construction timbers to prevent the surface from hardening. This process is called hakudo-nuri 白土塗. An element in porcelain jiki 磁器, and also used for finishing bugaku masks *bugakumen 舞楽面 and colored statues *saishikizou 彩色像 from the Nara to Kamakura periods. From the 15c hakudo was often replaced by oyster-shell white pigment *gofun 胡粉.


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