sengen-zukuri 浅間造
KEY WORD : architecture / shrines
A style of architecture exemplified by the 2-storied worship hall *haiden 拝殿 at Sengen Jinja 浅間神社, Shizuoka prefecture. It was rebuilt in 1804. This style first appeared in the Edo period. The lower story, kasou 下層, is 5 x 4 bays and has a gable roof *kirizuma-zukuri 切妻造, and a false dormer *chidori hafu 千鳥破風, extending from the lower face of the upper story, jousou 上層, to the center of the front roof slope. The upper story is 3 x 2 bays with a hip-and-gable roof *irimoya-zukuri 入母屋造. The roofs are covered with copper sheeting, doubanbuki 銅板葺, and retain the shape of tiled roofing *hongawarabuki 本瓦葺. Both stories are surrounded by railed verandas. The lower story has horizontally divided two-leaf, lattice-backed shutters *shitomido 蔀戸. While the upper story has green-painted, vertically latticed windows *renjimado 連子窓, in the end bays, hinged doors close the center bay. The entire building is painted with red lacquer and has abundant, brilliantly colored reliefs which lavishly decorate structural members beneath the veranda of the upper story and the available surfaces on the gable-end facades. Reliefs in a single, neutral beige tone cover the corresponding surface of the false dormer gable. Other examples of this style may have some variation such as a gable-style roof *nagare-zukuri 流造, with cypress bark covering *hiwadabuki 桧皮葺, the upper story. The best example is Fuji Sengen Jinja Honden, 富士浅間神社本殿 (1605) in Shizuoka prefecture.

*shichimen-zukuri 七面造

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