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nijuudana@dI
KEY WORD :@architecture / tea houses
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Also nijuu tsuridana dޒI. A double hanging shelf *tsuridana ޒI, characterized by one shelf being above the other. Used in tea rooms *chashitsu . The shelf boards may be of the same size or the upper one may be larger than the one below. In the latter case, the shelf is also called hibaridana _I according to the *CHASHIKI KOGETSUSHOU Ό (1851). In general, the upper shelf is about 42cm x 31.5cm, the lower one about 30cm x 27cm, and both are about 1.2cm thick. The space between the two shelves is about 20cm. The lower shelf is either placed directly above the base board, hikigi or bamboo base *hikidake | of the sleeve wall *sodekabe , or it is dropped a little below . When the shelves are the same size, they are hung from above by thin bamboo. But when the lower shelf is smaller, only the upper shelf is hung by bamboo and the lower one is suspended by a thin piece of wood attached to the underside of the upper shelf. Paulownia wood and green bamboo, the latter replaced annually, are generally used. The upper and lower shelves are attached when the first layer of mud plaster is laid on the wall and then the wall is covered with the finish coat. The CHASHIKI KOGETSUSHOU and the *NANBOUROKU V^ both state that the double shelves were greatly favored by Furuta Oribe ÓcD (1543-1615), and both state that they did not exist during Sen Rikyuu's 痘x (1522-91) lifetime. The latter claims that the double shelves were originated by Oribe. A different opinion is presented, in the *SEKISHUU SANBYAKUKAJOU ΏBOSӏ, written by Katagiri Sekishuu ЋːΏB (1605-73). Sekishuu states that even triple shelves of the same size were sometimes made. Furthermore, Sekishuu says that Rikyuu made double shelves differing from Oribe's shelves by having the top shelf the same as the bottom. The nijuudana at Omotesenke Fushin'an \ƕsR are thought to be like the ones which Rikyuu made. The Fushin'an shelves have one slender bamboo piece attached slightly in from the corners. Examples of double shelves of differing sizes: Katsura Rikyuu, Shoukintei j{Ւ; Daitokuji Kohouan, San'unjou-no-Seki 哿Ɉ,R_̐, both in Kyoto.
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Nagatomi ix house (Hyougo)

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REFERENCES:
*ichijuudana dI, *sanjuudana OdI
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NOTES
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