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ichijuudana@ˆêd’I
KEY WORD :@architecture / tea houses
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Also ichijuu tsuridana ˆêd’Þ’I. A single shelf suspended by a slender bamboo pole. It is made of paulownia when it is hung in the tea ceremony room *chashitsu ’ƒŽº or cedar when hung in the kitchen *mizuya …‰®. According to the *CHADOU SENTEI ’ƒ“¹â£’ú(1848), it was devised by Sen Rikyuu ç—˜‹x (1522-91) and became the basis of all the hanging shelves used in the tea ceremony room. It is believed that the size of this shelf was determined by a system of measurement called kanewari ‹ÈŠ„ and based on the size of the portable display shelves *daisu ‘äŽq. The standard size was 31cm long x 26cm wide. Besides the bamboo pole, small wooden clamps of mulberry were added to attach it to the wall. The RIKYUU CHADOUGUZUE —˜‹x’ƒ“¹‹ï}‰ï (1701), states that the height of the shelf from the mat to underneath the board was about 82cm. The depth was about 26cm, the width about 32cm, the thickness of the board 1.2cm and the clamps 1.4cm. The bamboo pole was placed at the front corner. Ichijuudana was generally used in small simple, rustic style rooms, principally the two mat, nijou “ñô, size.
When a single hanging shelf is used in a small kitchen, mizuya, it is extended to 35-36cm long. If the tea ceremony room is arranged with the firebox placed inside the host's mat *temaedatami “_‘Oô, the shelf is constructed along the right inner edge of the furnace *mukogiri ŒüØ. If a middle post *nakabashira ’†’Œ, is included in the room, the shelf is hung toward the guest's mat *kyakudatami ‹qô. Lacking the middle post the shelf may be hung in the kitchen. When the shelf is hung in the tea ceremony room, its position must be within easy reach of the host because it is used for arranging the tea utensils. Examples: Myoukian Taian –­ŠìˆÁ‘ÒˆÁ, Saiouin, Yodomi-no-seki ¼‰¥‰@—„ŠÅ‚ÌÈ both in Kyoto; Kanden'an ›“cˆÁ in Shimane prefecture..
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REFERENCES:
*tsuridana ’Þ’I
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