|KEY WORD :@architecture / tea houses|
ichijuu tsuridana êdÞI. A single shelf suspended by a slender bamboo pole.
It is made of paulownia when it is hung in the tea ceremony room *chashitsu º or cedar when
hung in the kitchen *mizuya
®. According to the *CHADOU
SENTEI ¹â£ú(1848), it was devised by Sen Rikyuu çx (1522-91) and became
the basis of all the hanging shelves used in the tea ceremony room. It is believed
that the size of this shelf was determined by a system of measurement called kanewari
È and based on the size of the portable display shelves *daisu
äq. The standard size was 31cm long x 26cm wide. Besides the bamboo pole, small
wooden clamps of mulberry were added to attach it to the wall. The RIKYUU CHADOUGUZUE
x¹ï}ï (1701), states that the height of the shelf from the mat to underneath
the board was about 82cm. The depth was about 26cm, the width about 32cm, the
thickness of the board 1.2cm and the clamps 1.4cm. The bamboo pole was placed
at the front corner. Ichijuudana was generally used in small simple, rustic
style rooms, principally the two mat, nijou ñô, size.
When a single hanging shelf is used in a small kitchen, mizuya, it is extended to 35-36cm long. If the tea ceremony room is arranged with the firebox placed inside the host's mat *temaedatami _Oô, the shelf is constructed along the right inner edge of the furnace *mukogiri üØ. If a middle post *nakabashira , is included in the room, the shelf is hung toward the guest's mat *kyakudatami qô. Lacking the middle post the shelf may be hung in the kitchen. When the shelf is hung in the tea ceremony room, its position must be within easy reach of the host because it is used for arranging the tea utensils. Examples: Myoukian Taian ìÁÒÁ, Saiouin, Yodomi-no-seki ¼¥@ÅÌÈ both in Kyoto; Kanden'an cÁ in Shimane prefecture..
(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.