|nara busshi 奈良仏師|
|KEY WORD : art history / sculptures|
|Also nankin busshi or nankyou busshi 南京仏師, yamashinadera busshi 山階寺仏師, otera busshi 御寺仏師. A group of Buddhist sculptors *busshi 仏師 working in Nara that descended from sculptors Raijo 頼助 and Koujo 康助, founders of the Koufukuji 興福寺 workshop *bussho 仏所 in the late 11c. Records name six generations of sculptors dating back to Joucou 定朝 (?-1057), followed by Kakujo 覚助, Raijo, Koujo, and Jouchou 成朝. In the late 12c the Koufukuji workshop became well-known for the influential sculptors Koukei 康慶, Unkei 運慶 (?-1223) and Kaikei 快慶, whose school became known as *Keiha 慶派. Exposure to ancient (6-8c) works and other elements of Chinese art are said to have given nara busshi a style distinct from Kyoto sculptors *kyouto busshi 京都仏師. This formed the basis of the Keiha style in the Kamakura period, kamakura shin'you 鎌倉新様. After the late 14c, nara busshi, including the Keiha, were called *nanto busshi 南都仏師.|
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